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PublicationComputational and Theoretical Chemistry
Year2011
Volume975
Pages134–137
International

Thermodynamics of Zinc Insertion in CuGaS2:Ti used as a Modulator Agent in an Intermediate-Band Photovoltaic Material

Authors:Y. Seminovski , P. Palacios , J. C. Conesa, P. Wahnón
Groups of research:Nanostructured Catalysts for Energy
An intermediate-band photovoltaic material, which has an isolated metallic band located between the top of the valence band and bottom of the conduction band of some semiconductors, has been proposed as third generation solar cell to be used in photovoltaic applications. Density functional theory calculations of Zn in CuGaS2:Ti have previously shown that, the intermediate-band position can be modulated in proportion of Zn insertion in such a way that increasing Zn concentration can lead to a band-gap reduction, and an adjustment of the intermediate-band position. This could be interesting in the formation of an intermediate-band material, that has the maximum efficiency theoretically predicted for the intermediate-band solar cell. In this work, the energetics of several reaction schemes that could lead to the decomposition of the modulated intermediate-band photovoltaic material, CuGaS2:Ti:Zn, is studied in order to assess the thermodynamic stability of this material. Calculations of the total free energy and disorder entropy have been taken into account, to get the reaction energy and free energy of the compound decomposition, which is found to be thermodynamically favorable
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