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PublicationMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Year2011
Volume146
Pages57-68
International

Structure-direction of chiral 2-hydroxymethyl-1-benzyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium in the cotemplated synthesis of ferrierite: fundaments of diastereo-recognition from non-chiral microporous structures

Authors:Raquel García Salas, Luis Gómez-Hortiguela Sáinz, Félix Sánchez , J. Perez-Pariente
Groups of research:Molecular Sieves
In this work we have explored the structure directing effect of two of the diastereoisomers of the chiral cation 2-hydroxymethyl-1-benzyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium (bmpm) in aluminosilicate preparations using tetramethylammonium (TMA) as a co-SDA. The pure SS-bmpm isomer, an equimolar mixture of the RS and SS-bmpm isomers and an enriched mixture in the RS isomer (77%) were tested in these preparations and the three succeeded in crystallizing a ferrierite-type material with a larger interlayer distance between the FER sheets than in the fully-condensed FER structure. Molecular mechanics calculations showed that the structure directing ability of the RS isomer to direct the crystallization of the fully-condensed FER structure is lower due to the larger molecular size brougth about by the ‘anti’ configuration of the methyl and the hydroxymethyl substituents, thus suggesting a better structure directing efficiency for the SS isomer. However, the large size of the structure directing agent bmpm forces the FER  structure to crystallize with a larger interlayer distance between the FER sheets, canceling the difference in the fitting of the diastereoisomers within the zeolite framework and so preventing the observation of a different structure directing efficiency of the two diastereoisomers in the synthesis of the FER materials.
Keywords:Zeolites, Chirality, Co-structure directing agent, Computational simulation
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