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RevistaJournal of Catalysis

Hydrodechlorination of chloromethanes with a highly stable Pt on activated

Autores:M. A. Álvarez-Montero , Luisa M. Gómez-Sainero , Álvaro Mayoral , Isabel Díaz Carretero, R.T. Baker , Juan J. Rodríguez
Grupos de investigación:Tamices Moleculares

A platinum catalyst with activated carbon-support (Pt/C) was prepared and showed a high activity for the deep gas-phase hydrodechlorination (HDC) of dichloromethane (DCM) and chloroform (TCM), with conversions of up to 70% and 100%, respectively (operating conditions: atmospheric pressure, reaction temperatures of 150–250 °C, and space–times of 0.08–1.7 kg h mol−1). The catalyst was highly selective to methane (the only non-chlorinated product) with selectivities of up to 85% for HDC of DCM and 93% for HDC of TCM. The catalyst showed exceptional stability with no loss of activity after 26 days on stream in the HDC of DCM. This can be ascribed to its high resistance to poisoning by organic compounds compared to Pd/C catalysts previously studied. This can be attributed to re-dispersion of Pt during the reaction and to the high proportion of metal in the zero-valent state (Pt0) which disfavors the stabilization of chlorocarbon compounds at the active centers of the catalyst.

Palabras clave:Hydrodechlorination, Residual gases, Dichloromethane, Chloroform, Pt/activated carbon catalyst
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