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PublicationBiotechnology Advances
Year2015
Volume33
Pages511-525
International

Enzymatic Reactors for Biodiesel Synthesis: current status and future outlooks

Authors:Roberto Fernandez-Lafuente
Groups of research:Optimización de biocatalizadores y bioprocesos enzimáticos
Jakeline Kathiele Poppe1, Roberto Fernandez-Lafuente2, Rafael C. Rodrigues1,*, Marco
Antônio Záchia Ayub*,
 Biotechnology, Bioprocess, and Biocatalysis Group, Food Science and Technology
 Institute, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Bento Gonçalves 9500, PO Box
 15090, ZC 91501-970, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
 Departamento de Biocatalisis. ICP-CSIC. Campus UAM-CSIC. Cantoblanco. 28049
10 Madrid. Spain.
 
Lipases are being extensively researched for the production of biodiesel as a ―silver
 bullet‖ in order to avoid the drawbacks of the traditional alkaline transesterification. In
 this review, we analyzed the main factors involved in the enzymatic synthesis of
 biodiesel, focusing in the choice of the immobilization protocol, and the parameters
 involved in the choice and configuration of the reactors. An extensive discussion is
 presented about the advantages and disadvantages of each type of reactor and their
 mode of operation. The current scenario of the market for enzymatic biodiesel and some future prospects and necessary developments are also briefly presented
Keywords:Biodiesel; lipases; enzyme immobilization; batch reactor; continuous reactor.
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