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Volume66 (3-4)

Enzymatic synthesis of epoxy fatty acid starch ester inionic liquid-organic solvent mixture from vernonia oil

Authors:Isabel Díaz Carretero, Yonas Chebude
Groups of research:Molecular Sieves
In this study, epoxy fatty acid esters of cassava starch were synthesized by reacting cassava starch with vernonia oil methyl ester (epoxy ester) using 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate, [C4C1Im][PF6] ionic liquid (IL) as a reaction medium and DMSO as co-solvent. Lipase Candida antarctica fraction B (Novozyme 435) was used as a catalyst for the esterification reaction. In the optimized reaction conditions, a degree of substitution (DS) of 0.95 was achieved, at a reaction temperature of 40°C within 72 h of reaction time. The new cassava starch esters were characterized by infrared (FTIR), solid state NMR (CP/MAS 13C NMR), SEM, XRD, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and DSC. FTIR and NMR spectroscopy analyses confirmed the successful esterification of starch and the DS was calculated to be 0.95 by titration methods. SEM and XRD studies showed that the morphology and crystallinity of native cassava starch were significantly changed upon esterification producing a continuous and amorphous material. Finally, the thermal behavior of the native and the starch vernolate was investigated using TGA and DSC techniques. The results revealed a change in the characteristic melting point and decomposition pattern of the new polymer. The onset decomposition temperature of the new starch vernolate is similar to the native form.
Keywords:Cassava starch; Enzymes; Esterification; Ionic liquids; Vernolic acid
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