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RevistaApplied Catalysis A: General

Hybrid composites octyl-silica-methacrylate agglomerates as enzyme supports

Autores:Óscar Fernández , Rosa María Blanco Martín, Carlos F. Torres , Víctor Tejedor Chimeno, Isabel Díaz Carretero
Grupos de investigación:Tamices Moleculares

The use of immobilized enzymes as catalysts may be limited by particle size which must be larger than the mesh that retains them in the reactor. Octyl-silica (OS) beads of 70 μm average size were agglomerated to obtain hybrid organic–inorganic composites with particle sizes between 100 and 200 μm. The agglomeration process has been achieved by polymerization of methacrylate from glycidyl methacrylate and ethylene dimethacrylate in the presence of silica beads and further functionalization of the composite with octyl groups.

Methacrylate content of the composite (20%) is high enough to stick OS beads, and low enough to preserve the advantages of these particles as supports. The properties of the octyl silica particles for lipase immobilization have been very closely reproduced with the octyl-silica-methacrylate (OSM) composite. Enzyme loading of 210 mg lipase per gram of support has been achieved on OSM vs 230 mg/g on OS. Also catalytic activity values are close for both catalysts, OSM-lipase remaining fully active and stable after 15 cycles in acetonitrile.

Palabras clave:Enzyme immobilization, Particle agglomeration, Hydrophobic supports, Diffusional limitations, Hybrid composites
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