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PublicationProcess Biochemistry
Year2010
Volume45
Pages 1268-1273
International

Two step ethanolysis: A simple and efficient way to improve the enzymatic biodiesel synthesis catalyzed by an immobilized-stabilized lipase from Thermomyces lanuginosus

Authors:Roberto Fernandez-Lafuente
Groups of research:Optimización de biocatalizadores y bioprocesos enzimáticos
Rodrigues, R.C., Pessela, B.C.C., Volpato, G., Fernandez-Lafuente, R., Guisan, J.M., Ayub, M.A.Z. 

AFFILIATIONS: Food Science and Technology Institute, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul State, Av. Bento Gonçalves, 9500, P.O. Box 15090, ZC 91501-970, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; 
Departamento de Biocatálisis, Instituto de Catálisis-CSIC, Campus UAM-CSIC, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain; 
Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Fermentaciones Industriales-CSIC, C/Juan de la Cierva 3, 28006 Madrid, Spain

ABSTRACT: In this study the immobilization and stabilization of a lipase from Thermomyces lanuginosus (TLL) on aldehyde-Lewatit (Lew-TLL) are described. TLL immobilization was rapid and over 90% of lipase activity was recovered after the immobilization. Lew-TLL was 10-fold more thermo stable than the commercial TLL preparation, Lipozyme TL-IM. The stabilized Lew-TLL was used for the enzymatic transesterification of ethanol and soybean oil. The transesterification was carried out following different strategies. First, with 7.5:1 molar ratio of ethanol:soybean oil, 15% immobilized enzyme and 4% water at 30 °C. In the presence of n-hexane, the transesterification reached 100% conversion, while in solvent-free system the yield was 75%. Second, at stoichiometric molar ratio, the yield was 70% conversion after 10. h of reaction in both systems. After this, transesterification was carried out by three stepwise additions of ethanol with a yield of 80% conversion, while a two step ethanolysis produced 100% conversion after 10. h of reaction in both solvent and solvent-free systems. 
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