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PublicationCatalysis Today
Volume179 (1)

Study of the structure directing effect of the chiral cation (1S,2S)-2-hydroxymethyl-1-benzyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium in aluminosilicate preparations in the presence of co-structure directing agents

Authors:Raquel García Salas, Luis Gómez-Hortiguela Sáinz, J. Perez-Pariente
Groups of research:Molecular Sieves

We explore the structure directing role of the chiral cation (1S,2S)-2-hydroxymethyl-1-benzyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium (SS-bmpm) in the synthesis of Al-containing zeolite materials in the presence of co-structure directing agents (co-SDAs). Three different co-SDAs are studied: tetramethylammonium (TMA), quinuclidine and sodium. Synthesis with TMA as co-SDA yields a ferrierite related phase and a material from the MWW family, where the SS-bmpm and the TMA cations are incorporated intact within the samples. Quinuclidine produces instead amorphous solids, while the use of Na+ leads to crystalline phases that crystallized as a result of the degradation of the SS-bmpm cation. A subsequent computational study based on molecular mechanics was performed in an attempt to unravel the location of TMA and SS-bmpm cations within the void space of the complex MWW structure. The results suggest that the sinusoidal channels are exclusively filled by TMA, while the bulky SS-bmpm cations can only be accommodated within the MWW super-cages, thus providing a new example of cooperative structure-directing effects of small and bulky cations in the synthesis of complex zeolite structures.

Keywords:Zeolite synthesis; Co-structure directing agents; MWW zeolite family; Molecular modeling
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